WHICH DISEASES DOES SLEEPING LATE TRIGGER?

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WHICH DISEASES DOES SLEEPING LATE TRIGGER?

Stating that the sleep patterns of everyone from small to large have been disrupted with the pandemic, Professor Doctor “For many of us, going to bed late has become a habit now. However, this situation is a serious threat to our health,” was said.

Regular and high-quality sleep is a must for physical and mental health. But as much as the quality of sleep, the time of transition to sleep and the duration of sleep are also very important, said, Turkey iHealth member and hospital Neurologist department Professor, who pointed out the negative effects of sleeping late on health as follows:

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GENES ARE ALSO EFFECTIVE

In fact, our genes also play a role in us going to bed late at night. Our internal clock is powered by proteins secreted by various genes. In some genes, being affected slows down the body’s internal biological clock and causes people to stay awake until late at night. For example, scientists have discovered that the CRY1 gene, which plays a role in the biological clock in people with sleep disorders, is affected. But with lifestyle changes that will be made, these genetic tendencies can be controlled well.

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WHAT IS IT CAUSING?

Diabetes:

Eating late when you spend hours sleeping increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes. Because the biological clock affects the way glucose is metabolized in the body. Glucose levels should drop naturally during the day and reach their lowest point at night.

Obesity:

Going to bed late at night affects the body’s natural hormones. In people with a disturbed biological rhythm, the hormone leptin, which provides a feeling of satiety, decreases, the levels of the hormone ghrelin, which promotes hunger, increase. So, an imbalance of hormones leads to weight gain. According to research, people who are awake at night consume more unhealthy foods. In addition, people who sleep less than 7 hours a day tend to gain more weight and have an increased risk of obesity.
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Sleepless nights can also damage the digestive system, because during the night the way the body cleanses glucose changes. This causes health problems such as diabetes or kidney failure in the long run.

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Weak immunity:

Sleep affects your immune system. If you are starting to get sick and do not get a good night’s sleep, you can not show enough defenses to fight the disease or infections. Be careful to sleep at night, especially during the winter season, when flu outbreaks and colds are common.

Depression:

People who go to bed late at night have more symptoms of depression. The brain activity of people with depression looks different in sleep and wakefulness compared to healthy people. During the day, our internal biological clock resists sleep and is more excited. And at night, these fluctuations disappear, and sleep is stimulated. But in people with depression, these rhythms are disturbed. Melatonin, which rises in the evening, does not work, and cortisol levels remain consistently high instead of falling at night.

So much so that nowadays depression treatments focused on circadian rhythm are being applied instead of antidepressants in many countries. Depressed people are exposed to bright light for a week and are left awake for a full day. With these methods, we are trying to achieve a reorganization of the internal clock. The American Psychiatric Association says that light therapy is as effective as antidepressants in treating a non-seasonal depression.

Impaired brain function:

The brain of people who sleep late has a different physiological structure. UK researchers have revealed this through a study. Brain imaging studies of those who woke up early, went to bed late at night, and had an unstable sleep pattern were examined. It was observed that among all groups of people who were sleep deprived at night, the amount of white matter is decaying in the brain, which facilitates communication between nerve cells, decreased. Lack of white matter is associated with depression and impaired normal cognitive functions. You may think that you will get successful results in the morning for exams or while working overtime. But insomnia at night significantly reduces your productivity, reduces your learning and memory functions.

The order in which the body gets used to stay healthy is changing:

Our cities are illuminated by millions of artificial lights that will disrupt the sleep hormone melatonin that our bodies release when it gets dark. We carry work home, spend hours without sleep, constantly loading the stress hormone cortisol into our body. We don’t drop the smartphone or leave the computer until late. These are the reasons that change the way our bodies are used to stay healthy. Therefore, we can face serious diseases.

Protein levels are deteriorating:

In fact, it is the most ideal way to get a profession according to our biological clock. But, of course, most of us do night shifts from time to time. Scientists at the University of Ankara studied how protein levels change over a 24-hour period depending on when a person sleeps and when they eat. According to research, staying up all night can affect more than 100 proteins in the blood. Even the change of just one of these proteins can disrupt protein levels, which are known to affect metabolism, immune system, blood sugar and cancer risk.

A protein called glucagon has high levels in those who experience insomnia or do not sleep at night. This is a protein that tues release of sugar into the blood through the liver. An increase in this protein increases the risk of diabetes. Insomnia causes a 20 percent decrease in a protein we call fibroblast growth factor 2, this protein controls energy expenditure and calorie burning.
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The decrease in these protein levels reduces the total calorie burning ability of people with impaired circadian rhythm by about 10 percent, and weight gain begins.

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