Reading time is 4 mins


Turkey iHealth – if left untreated, you can find out what you need to know about bipolar disorder, which makes it difficult to cope consistently at work, at home, at school, or socially, in our news. What is bipolar disorder? Symptoms and treatment.

While we all experience mood changes in response to life’s events, some people’s moods can fluctuate much more than usual. People with bipolar disorder may experience conditions such as ‘manic’, feeling really high, very active and euphoric; or ‘depression’, feeling really low. So, what is bipolar disorder? Those who are curious about the symptoms and treatment are in our health news.


Also known as manic depression, bipolar disorder, mood, energy, activity levels and the ability to perform daily tasks is a brain disorder that causes unusual changes in.

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them have clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extreme “up”, deep and energetic behavior (known as manic episodes), to very sad, “down” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic episodes are known as hypomanic episodes.

Bipolar I Disorder

Identification with manic episodes that last at least 7 days or with manic symptoms severe enough that the person needs urgent hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes also occur, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed characteristics (also showing depression and manic symptoms) are also possible.

Bipolar II Disorder

It is defined by the pattern of the depressive episode and the hypomanic episode, but it is not the full-blown manic episode described above.

– Cyclothymic Disorder (also known as cyclothymia)

It is defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms, as well as many periods of depressive symptoms that last at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.

– Other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders

It is defined by symptoms of bipolar disorder that do not match the three categories listed above.


People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotions, changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and unusual behavior. These different periods are called “mood episodes”. Mood episodes are drastically different from the moods and behaviors that are typical for the person. Extreme changes in energy, activity and sleep go along with mood episodes.

Sometimes a mood episode includes symptoms of both manic and depressive symptoms. This is called a partition with mixed characteristics. People who experience an episode with mixed characteristics may feel very sad, empty, or hopeless, while at the same time feeling extremely energetic.

Bipolar disorder can occur even when mood swings are less extreme. For example, some people with bipolar disorder experience hypomania, a less severe form of mania. During a hypomanic episode, an individual may feel very well, be very productive. The person may not feel that something is wrong, but family and friends may recognize mood swings and / or changes in activity levels as possible bipolar disorder. Without proper treatment, patients with hypomania can develop severe mania or depression.


Treatment helps many people – even those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder – to have better control of mood swings and other bipolar symptoms. An effective treatment plan usually involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy (also known as “talk therapy”). Bipolar disorder is a lifelong disorder. Periods of mania and depression typically come back over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder do not have mood changes, but some people may have persistent symptoms. Long-term, continuous treatment helps to control these symptoms.


Different medications can help control the symptoms of bipolar disorder. An individual may need to try several different medications before finding the ones that work best.

Medications that are usually used to treat bipolar disorder include:

– Mood stabilizers

– Atypical antipsychotics

– Antidepressants

Anyone taking medication should do the following:

Talk to a doctor or pharmacist to understand the risks and benefits of the drug.

Immediately report any concerns about side effects to a doctor. The doctor may need to change the dose or try a different medication.

Avoid stopping taking the medication before talking to the doctor. Abruptly discontinuing a medication can cause a “rebound” or worsening of bipolar disorder symptoms.

Other disturbing or potentially dangerous withdrawal effects are also possible.

– Psychotherapy

When done in combination with medications, psychotherapy (also known as “talk therapy”) can be an effective treatment for bipolar disorder. It can provide support, education and guidance to people with bipolar disorder and their families. Some psychotherapy treatments used to treat bipolar disorder are:

– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

– Family-oriented therapy

– Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy

– Psychoeducation

– Other Treatment Options

Electroconvulsive Therapy:

ECT can provide relief to people with severe bipolar disorder who cannot recover with other treatments. Sometimes ECT is used for bipolar symptoms when other medical conditions, including pregnancy, make medication too risky. ECT can cause some short-term side effects, such as confusion, disorientation, and memory loss. People with bipolar disorder should discuss the possible benefits and risks of ECT with a qualified healthcare professional.

Sleep medications:

People with bipolar disorder who have difficulty sleeping often say medication treatment helps. However, if insomnia does not improve, the doctor may recommend changes in medications. If the problem persists, the doctor in Turkey may prescribe sedative medications or other sleep medications.